Elizabeth S. Olson

Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Auditory Biophysics, in OTO/HNS

P&S 11-452
630 West 168th Street
New York, NY 10032

Phone: +1 212-305-3993 +1 212-305-4045
Email: eao2004@columbia.edu

Research Areas:

Mechanics of hearing: Transmission of sound through the middle ear, the basis for frequency tuning in the inner ear, in particular the operation of the cochlear amplifier. Cochlear implants.
Lab Web Site

Education

  • 1981: B.A., Physics, Barnard College
  • 1988: Ph.D., Physics, MIT

 

Professional Experience

  • 2009 - : Director, Fowler Memorial Laboratory, and Associate Professor, Departments of OTO/HNS and Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY 
  • 2001-2009 : Director, Fowler Memorial Laboratory, and Assistant Professor, Departments of OTO/HNS and Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY
  • 1996 - 2001: Research Staff and Scientist (2001), Physics Department Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
  • 1993-95: Visiting Assistant Professor, Physics Department., Rutgers University,Newark, NJ

 

Professional Activities

  • 2011 - : Mentor, Neuroscience Program, Columbia University
  • Co-chair of organizing Committee, Mechanics of Hearing Meeting (to be held 2011 in Williamstown, MA).  
  • 2007 - 10: Associate Editor, Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology
  • 2003-present: Organizer, Eastern Auditory Retreat.  Primary organizer (meeting held at Columbia University), 2006 and 2010. 
  • 1989-present: Member of Association for Research in Otolaryngology
  • Member of Association for Research in Otolaryngology  (+ Publication committee, 2010 - )
  • Member of Acoustical Society of America
  • 2002-06: Regular member of NIH NIDCD study section

 

Honors and Awards

  • Phi Beta Kappa, Barnard College chapter. May, 1981
  • Magna Cum Laude, Barnard College. May, 1981
  • Henry A. Boorse Award in Physics, Barnard College, 1980

 

Grants

  • 2009 - 2012: N.I.H. R21 Grant
  • 2001-2015 : N.I.H. R01 Grant
  • 1996-2001: N.I.H. First Award
  • 1993-95: N.S.F. Visiting Professorship for Women Award
  • 1989-91: N.I.H. Individual National Research Service Award
  • 1986-88: Whitaker Health Sciences Fund Fellowship

 

Publications

  • Book:

    Shera CS and Olson ES (editors) 2011 What Fire is in Mine Ears: Progress in Auditory Biomechanics   Proceedings of the 11th International Mechanics of Hearing Workshop.  Published by American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, Melville, NY USA

    Peer Reviewed Articles

    Olson, E.S. and Smullin, L.D. 1989  "Frequency tuning in the electroreceptive periphery." Biophysical J. 5: 1191 - 1204.

  • Olson, E.S. and Mountain, D.C. 1991 "In vivo measurement of basilar membrane stiffness." J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 89(3) 1262 - 1275.
  • Olson, E.S. and Mountain, D.C. 1994  "Mapping the cochlear partition's stiffness to its cellular architecture." J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 95: 395 - 400.
  • Nakajima, H.H., Olson, E.S., Mountain, D.C. and Hubbard, A.E. 1994  "Electrically evoked otoacoustic emissions from the apical turns of the gerbil cochlea." J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 96: 786 - 794.
  • Lopez, C.A., Olson, E.S., Adams, J.C., Mou, K., Denhardt, D.T. and Davis, R.L. 1995 "Osteopontin epitopes detected in adult cochleae and inner ear fluids."  Hearing Research 85: 210 - 222.  
  • Nakajima, H.H., Olson, E.S., Mountain, D.C., and Hubbard, A.E. 1996 “Acoustic overstimulation enhances low-frequency electrically-evoked otoacoustic emissions and reduces high-freq. emissions.” Auditory Neuroscience 3: 79-99.
  • Olson, E.S. 1998 "Observing middle and inner ear mechanics with novel intracochlear pressure sensors." J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 103: 3445 – 3463.
  • Olson, E.S. 1999“Direct measurement of intracochlear pressure waves.” Nature 402: 526-529.  
  • Olson, E.S. 2001“Intracochlear pressure measurements related to cochlear frequency tuning.” J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 110: 349 – 367.
  • Olson, E.S. 2004“Harmonic distortion in intracochlear pressure and its analysis to explore the cochlear amplifier.”  J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 115: 1230 – 1241.
  • Dong, W. and Olson, E.S. 2005  “Two – tone distortion in intracochlear pressure.”  J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 117: 2999-3015.
  • de La Rochefoucauld, O., Khanna, S.M. and Olson, E.S.  2005  “Recording depth and signal competition in heterodyne interferometry.”  J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 117: 1267 – 1284.
  • Dong, W. and Olson, E.S. 2006Middle Ear Forward and Reverse Transmission in Gerbil.” J.Neurophysiol 95: 2951-2961.
  • Olson, E.S. and Dong, W. 2006 “Nonlinearity in intracochlear pressure.”J. Oto-Rhino Laryngology 68: 359 – 364.
  • Decraemer, W.F., de La Rochefoucauld, O., Dong, W., Khanna, S.M., Dirckx, J.J.J. and Olson, E.S. 2007 “Scala vestibuli pressure and 3-D stapes velocity measured in direct succession in gerbil.” J.Acoust.Soc.Am. 121: 2774-2791.
  • de La Rochefoucauld, O. and Olson, E.S. 2007 “The role of organ of Corti mass in cochlear tuning.” Biophysical J. 93: 3434-3450.
  • Ravicz, M.E., Olson, E.S. and Rosowski, J.J. 2007 “Sound pressure distribution and energy flow within the gerbil ear canal from 100 Hz to 80 kHz.” J.Acoust.Soc.Am.122: 2154-2173.
  • Dong, W. and Olson, E.S., 2008 “Supporting evidence for reverse cochlear traveling waves.” J.Acoust.Soc.Am.123: 222-240.
  • de La Rochefoucauld, O., Decraemer, W.F., Khanna, S.M. and Olson, E.S. 2008 “Simultaneous measurements of ossicular velocity and intracochlear pressure leading to the cochlear input impedance in gerbil.” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryn.9: 161 – 177.

     

  • Nakajima, H.H., Dong, W., Olson, E.S., Merchant, S.N., Ravicz, M.E. and Rosowski, J.J. 2008 “Differential intracochlear sound pressure measurements in normal human temporal bones.“   J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryn. 10: 23-36. 
  • Dong, W. and Olson, E.S. 2009 "In-vivo impedance of the gerbil organo of Corti at auditory frequencies" Biophysical J. 97: 1233-1243.   
  • Nakajima, H.H., Dong, W., Olson, E.S., Merchant, S.N., Ravicz, M.E. and Rosowski, J.J. 2010 “Evaluation of round window stimulation using the floating mass transducer by intracochlear sound pressure measurements in temporal bones.“   Otology and Neurotology 31: 506-511.
  • de La Rochefoucauld, O. and Olson, E.S. 2010 "A sum of simple and complex motions on the eardrum and manubrium in gerbil." Hearing Research 263: 9-15.
  • Dong, W. and Olson, E.S. 2010 "Local cochlear damage reduces local nonlinearities and decreases generator-type cochlear emissions while increasing reflector-type emissions.  J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127: 1422-1431.

     

  • de La Rochefoucauld, O., Kachroo, P. and Olson, E.S. 2010 "Ossicular motion related to middle ear transmission delay in gerbil." Hearing Research 270: 158-172.
  • Eze, N. and Olson, E.S. 2011 “Basilar membrane velocity in a cochlea with modified organ of Corti.” Biophysical J.  100: 858-867. 

    Huang S and Olson ES 2011 “Auditory nerve excitation via a non-traveling-wave mode of basilar membrane motion.” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryn.12: 559 – 575.

    Shera CS, Olson ES and Guinan JJ 2011 “On cochlear impedances and the miscomputation of power gain.” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryn.12: 671– 676.

    Dong W, Decraemer, WF and Olson ES 2012 “Reverse transmission along the ossicular chain in gerbil.” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryn. (on line first)

    Huang S, Dong W and Olson ES 2012 “Subharmonic distortion in ear canal pressure and intracochlear pressure and motion.” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryn. (on line first)

    Olson ES, Duifhuis D and Steel CR 2012 “von Bekesy and cochlear mechanics” Hearing Research (in press)

Mechanics of hearing: Transmission of sound through the middle ear, the basis for frequency tuning in the inner ear, in particular the operation of the cochlear amplifier. Cochlear implants.


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